Museums of Gorno-Altaisk state university

The museum complex of GASU (MC of GASU) was created to aid in the realization of educational, research, and cultural projects. At the moment, MC of GASU includes:

The primary goal shared by the university's museums is to evoke and maintain interest in the nature and history of this native land, and a desire not only to know, but also to increase the cultural values of the people of the Altai.
MC of GASU is a center of additional education of high school students and schoolchildren of various comprehensive schools in the Altai Republic. It also serves as a foundation for the profound study of the history of Mountainous Altai and its adjoining territories. In addition, the museums strive to involve youth in active regional studies and scientific and research activities.


The museum was organized in 1994. The materials were received as a result of excavations by V.D.Kubarev, V.A.Mogilnikov, V.I.Soyonov, A.V.Ebel, and others. A big part of the ethnographic collection of the museum consists of everyday objects donated by professor N.N.Surazakova
The museum exposition is arranged chronologically and consists of sections reflecting an archaeological periodization of Mountainous Altai from the Paleolithic epoch up till the ethnographic time.
The Paleolithic epoch is presented with little enders, scrapers, cutters, knife-shaped plates, blanks for tools and flakes characterizing the stone industry of the Altai Mountains. The historical period, including the Neolithic, Eneolithic, and Bronze epochs, is presented by materials made from stone (arrow tips, ornaments, grain bruiser, and so forth), clay (sharp-bottomed and round-bottomed vessels, decorated with "a fur-tree" ornament) and bronze (daggers, tips of copies).
The exposition of the epoch of early iron is widely represented: bronze daggers, knifes, bone and bronze tips of arrows, decorated bone cheek-pieces, bronze mirrors, etc. The Hunno-Sarmatian time and the Middle Ages are represented by weapons (bone overlays on bows, tips of arrows, iron knifes); household objects (ceramic and wooden ware); and equestrian equipment (iron stirrups, buckles, a bone fastener). The ethnographic collection includes everyday objects and an instrument of labor of Altaians and Russians of Altai Mountains
The museum funds are annually replenish with new materials discovered during archaeological and ethnographic expeditions of first-year students from the history department as well as scientific expeditions of employees of the chair of Archeology, Ethnology, and Source Studies.
The archeology museum carries out a scientific-educational function. It strives to deepen the students' knowledge of the archeology and ethnography of the Altai Mountains and to create conditions for the satisfaction of student needs as they increase their level of professional and cultural knowledge. At the archaeological museum, students also conduct their museum practice. It acquaints students with cameral processing and storage of collections, drawing up of inventories, reconstruction of ancient objects, and so forth.


The official opening of the museum took place in 1995. Currently, representative material is collected with the help of GASU teachers and students. It characterizes the biodiversity of the Altai according to three groups: mammals, birds, and day butterflies.
The exhibits of protected species of animals (snow leopard, argali, saker falcon, etc.) possess the greatest value, donated to the museum after confiscation from poachers. The collection of mammals totals 216 skulls of 24 different kinds of predatory mammals and rodents (not including murine species) living in the region, including a unique selection of skulls of a snow leopard and the Altai population of manul cats. There are a number of skulls, including those of a brown bear, a wolf, a fox, a badger, a glutton, a sable, and other hunting-trade animals found in the Altai. Horns of 9 kinds of hoofed animals, including 7 skulls and horns of the argali, are presented in the collection. Also in the collection are included stuffed animals of 18 kinds of large and average kinds of mammals, bones and skulls of many small mammals of the Altai, and the skins of hunting-trade mammals.
The collection of stuffed animals of birds consists of more than 100 kinds, including a number of "exotic" species: a flamingo, a pink pelican, etc. The collection of birds almost completely covers all species of birds of the Altai and includes more than 200 kinds. The collection of day butterflies totals about 180 kinds (more than 4 000 units) that inhabit the territory of Altai. The collection also has individual exhibits of some tropical, subtropical, and European kinds of butterflies.
The museum has two art dioramas reflecting the specificity of the animal population of two geographical provinces of Altai: Northeast and Southeast. A constantly updated database functions in the zoological museum. It gives information about the number of mammals, birds and day butterflies in Altai. The museum also hosts a club where students are trained in the basics of taxidermy.


The museum was established in 1991 and represents a combination of the departments characterizing the components of the nature of the Altai Mountains. A spatially-geographical position of the area and the historical-informative section is presented in the division "History of studying of nature and orography of Altai." The section "Tectonics, Geological Structure, and Minerals" is represented by a series of cards, schemes, and geological cuts. It is supplemented by a collection called "Minerals and Rocks of Altai."
The section of historical geology - "Paleogeography" displays a collection of a Paleontologic material - bones of Pleistocene animals - a mammoth (the bottom jaw, a tusk, a shinbone, teeth), a bison (a frontal bone with horn outgrowths), an ancient buffalo (a frontal bone with horn outgrowths), a woolly rhinoceros (a skull, a femur, a vertebra), and a big horn deer (a horn part); fossils - inverterbrate (ammonitides, thunderbolts, coral polyps, molluscs, sea lilies), and plants (calamites).
"Relief" is a special section where different types and forms of relief are displayed. "Climate, ground waters, glaciers" is a section with a number of maps, graphs, and diagrams that give the characteristics of different climates and their elements as reflection of landscapes and ground waters.
A special section is devoted to soils, vegetation, and fauna, the bioresources that take a special place in the landscapes, human life and activity of the Altai Mountains. The total of the museum's funds counts 1255 units. They are replenished annually with materials discovered on field trips of students of the Geography Department as well as on scientific expeditions.
The museum activity is closely connected with the teaching and educational process of the Geography Department and the university. It promotes the preparation of competent experts in geography, the natural sciences, humanists, and focuses on the idea of modern geography constructed on a complex systematic approach of regional study of local lore - Altai studies.

The signature under a photo. A special pride of the museum is the crystal black Marion - a unique sample from the Altai Mountains. Its height is 42 cm, and its diameter is 17,5 cm


The museum was created in 2006 to preserve historical memory and the best traditions of the university and an education system in the region as a whole.

Materials are presented in the museum expositions on the following themes:

In the museum one can also see prizes, cups, and medals received by students of the university. There, one can get to know the history of the development of international contacts of the university and admire the memorable souvenirs, presented by foreign university-partners.