Archeological museum

Responsible research worker:
Konstantinov Nikita Aleksandrovich

Address:
649000, Altai Republic
Gorno Altaisk, 34 Sotsialisticheskaja street, 101

Tel:
8-913-990-34-94

E-mail:
Knikita1988@mail.ru

History

The museum was opened in 1994 under the leadership of Scientific Associate of Gorno-Altaisk State University V.I. Soyonov and the Assistant of Native History and Law Department A.V. Ebel. The heart of the exposition included materials obtained from the excavations of V.D. Kubarev, V.A. Mogilnikov, V.I. Soyonov, A.V. Ebel, etc.

In 2011, the archeological museum became a part of the Gorno-Altaisk State University museum complex.

Activity

The museum carries out work of an educational, cultural, and scientific nature.

The historical department holds practice for the students at the museum.

For first-year students, the museum conducts an "archeological skit", a presentation of the results of the archeological expeditions of GASU.

There are thematic excursions for schoolchildren, visitors, university students and other educational institutions of the city.

The museum takes part in city events.

The journal publishes materials of the museum funds.

The archaeology museum takes part in archaeological expeditions held by the university, as well as the office studies of the discovered materials.

At the annual scientific-practical conference of students, post-graduate students, and instructors, the museum works the section of museum studies.

Exposition

The artistic idea of the archaeological hall was designed by painter V.V. Bukachakov, who decided on a non-standard theme of general exposition with removable and interchangeable parts of lighting and color systems. In the museum`s design, a number of standards, performed by the painter V.A. Shataev, were used.

The museum`s exposition is in chronological order and consists of sections reflecting the archeological periodization of the Altai. The exposition includes materials from the major historical periods from the Paleolithic period to the ethnographic time, etc. The main part of the museum`s ethnographic collection is devoted to everyday objects, presented by professor N.N. Surazakova.

The Paleolithic epoch is presented by arrow-heads, scrapers, cutters, knife-like blades, shapes, guns and flakes, which characterize the stone industry of the Altai mountains.

The historical period, including the Neolithic and Eneolithic periods as well as the Bronze Age, is represented by materials made from stone (arrowheads, jewelry, grinders, etc.), clay (sharp-bottom and round-vessels, ornamented with herringbone ornament) and bronze (daggers, spears).

The early Iron Age is most broadly reflected in the exposition. The weapon is represented by bronze daggers, knives, chisels, bone and bronze arrowheads, and bronze quiver hooks; the collected horse equipment consists of ornamented bone cheek-pieces, bronze bridle, and bone girth buckles; and as for toilet articles, bronze mirrors are on exhibit.

The Hunn-Sarmatian period and the Middle Ages are represented by arms (bony pads on the bow, arrowheads, iron knives); household objects (ceramic and wooden utensils); horse equipment items (iron stirrups, buckles, bone clasps).

The ethnography of Altains and Russian people is represented by objects of everyday life: leather, wood, iron vessels, wooden chests, instruments of labor (axes), and horse equipment (saddles, wooden stirrups, etc).

The museum funds are annually replenished with the materials received in the course of archaeological and ethnographic expeditions carried out by the first-year students of the History Department and the scientific expeditions of the staff of the Department of Archaeology, Ethnography and Source study. Another important source of museum replenishment is the gifts of our university students.

The archaeology museum carries out a scientific-educational function. It deepens the students' knowledge of the archeology and ethnography of Gorny Altai and creates conditions to meet the needs of students in raising their level of professional and cultural knowledge. Student practice is held on the basis of the museum`s collection, suggesting the acquaintance of students with the office processing and storage of collections; the compilation of inventories; reconstruction of ancient objects etc. Some of the students who have chosen a specialization in archeology study the materials stored in the museum funds in depth (see photo).

In addition to students of all departments, other educational institutions in Gorno-Altaisk, students, as well as guests of our city often visit the museum (see photo).

The archeological museum is actively involved in public events of our university and town. In 2006, based on the funds of the archeological museum, a speech was prepared for the interuniversity festival "Diverse Planet." History Department students Poposheva Olga and Monzhakov Roman made the presentation "Kazahks of the Chuya Steppe."

On May 18, 2007, our museum became one of the museums participating in the city event "Museum Night." On "Museum Night," museums in Europe open their doors from 6 p.m. till midnight. On "Museum night," 154 people visited the museum.

In addition to excursions around the museum for volunteers, a film was shown about archaeological research in the Altai Republic.

In October 2008, students from the History Department specializing in archeology and ethnography under the leadership of the museum conducted a Student Night on the results of the field season.

The photo reports of Archaeological Museum can be found here: Archaeological Museum, Night of Museums, museum activities in 2010.

Updated 17.01.2012 by N. Yurkova


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